Monthly Archives: June 2008

The early management

The management, the early management, is recognizing the congestive heart failure and treating it. Usually these babies go on to surgery once we make the diagnosis, at whatever age, of total anomalous pulmonary venous return. The fifth of these cyanotic

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

If our patient turns out to have total anomalous pulmonary venous return, let’s remember what that means. First of all, there are four different types of total anomalous pulmonary venous return. The majority of which are super-cardiac type. The intracardiac